There are a plethora of Programming Languages out there, and you need to be extremely skillful in a handful of them if you want to land that job interview. Some of these languages include C, C++, Kotlin, Java, Python, Php, etc.
As the developers’ community keeps growing, new programming languages devised for a specific set of tasks keep unfolding.
Make sure to look out for these ten emerging programming languages that every developer should know about.
List Of Emerging Programming Languages
created by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, and other apple appliances, Swift is a general-purpose programming language. It was first brought to light at Apple’s WWDC in 2014. Its main object was to replace Objective-C language for iOS and OSX development. Finally, Apple open-sourced the language in 2015 under the Apache license, which is unusual for them.
Swift offers a soft learning curve. Swift is one of the first system programming languages which behaves as an expressive scripting language. It also features a playground mode which shows results instantly without the need to build and execute the application.
#2. Google Go
Go was created by Google in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It is an open-source new programming language. Go is inspired by C, but it improves upon the ease of use and safety issues. It is statically typed and compiled in the same way as C and Algol. It features restricted structural typing, a garbage collection, and memory safety features along with CSP-style parallel programming features included.
It is currently being used in big-name companies like BBC, SoundCloud, Facebook, and even the UK government.
Elixir is an asynchronous general-purpose programming language that runs on Erlang virtual machine. It has similar abstractions as Erlang for developing fault-tolerating apps. It has an extensible design too.
Elixir is being used right now in companies like Pinterest and Moz. Elixir is also being used in web development by companies like Bleacher report and Inverse and even for creating cyber-physical embedded-systems.
Julia is a high-performing, dynamic, high-level programming language made for numerical computations. It features a quite modern compiler, synchronous execution, high accuracy, and an immense mathematical functions library.
It was made back in 2009 by Viral B. Shah in Bengaluru, India, and Jeff Bezanson, Stefan Karpinski, and Alan Edelman in the United States. They released it to the public on Feb 14, 2012, along with a post which explained why it was created and what it hopes to achieve along with an invitation to make the source code better.
Scala is a general-purpose programming language that is known for its static type system. Scala stands for “Scalable Language.” It is purely an object-oriented programming language.
Scala is being used in companies like Twitter, LinkedIn, and Intel.
Rust is designed to be a safe, parallel, and practical general-purpose programming language sponsored by the Mozilla research team.
It supports both functional and imperative-procedural paradigms. It shares a similar syntax to C or C++, although it is made to be safer about memory while maintaining the performance.
Lua is an efficient and sturdy yet light scripting language. It mainly features object-oriented, procedural, and data-driven programming.
It supports many platforms because it is written in ANSI C, and has a quite straightforward C API. It was created in 1993 as a way to extend applications to meet the demand for personalization.
Erlang is a functional programming language designed to be concurrent. It is a general-purpose programming language that features a garbage collection runtime system. Erlang is sometimes known as Erlang/OTP or OTP. It also has readily made components mainly written in Erlang with a set of design guidelines for Erlang programs.
Erlang is used in industries like telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony, and instant messaging software.
Haskell is also a general-purpose programming language that is well known for its non-strict semantics and well defined static syntax. The latest version of Haskell is Haskell 2010. As of May 2016, we know that Haskell 2020 is underway.
Haskell provides a type system with lazy evaluation. Type classes first showed up in Haskell. It is mainly implemented in the Glasgow Haskell compiler.
Clojure is a dynamic programming language that combines the simplicity and interactive development of scripting language with a vigorous infrastructure for parallel multithreaded programming.
It is considered as a dialect of the Lisp programming language invented by Rich Hickey. Like any other Lisp dialect, Clojure manages code as data along with a macro system. Clojure is being used in firms such as Funding Circle, Walmart, Puppet Labs, and other large software firms.